Strokes can be fatal to one’s health and require attention to reduce and control its long-term effects. With proper treatment and medical care, one has higher chances of survival. When it comes to treatment of strokes, they are dealt with as per the type of stroke which could be either ischaemic or hemorragic stroke.
A drug known as the tissue plasminogen activator is usually used to treat stroke patients. The purpose of this drug is to burst and dissolve the blood clots so that the normal blood flow is resumed. This drug should be given to a patient within four hours after displaying the stroke symptoms.
Ischemic strokes can also be treated with the physical method of removing blood clots. This process is known as the endovascular procedure or the mechanical thrombectomy and is also highly recommended. During this process doctors make use of a device known as a stent retriever to enable them to take out larger blood clots. They insert a catheter into an artery that is usually on the groin area. The stent retriever is then inserted through the catheter to the artery on the brain. The stent retriever then takes out the blood clot or sometimes a suction can be used to take out the clot.
Ischaemic strokes happen as a result of arteries getting narrower along one’s neckline, known as the carotid artery. This happens because of fat plaques building up in the artery. If the narrowing is severe, the patient needs surgery so as to unblock and remove the fat plaque from the artery. A process known as carotid endarterectomy is followed to open up the artery and take out the fatty substance.
Hemorragic strokes happen when the artery in the brain starts leaking blood or when it bursts open and starts spilling blood on the brain tissue. The ruptures of these arteries mostly happen due to high blood pressure. The first thing to do in relation to this kind of stroke is to figure out why the artery is bleeding and a way to control it. Using antiplatet medicine in this scenario is not recommended as it can cause the bleeding to worsen. In emergency situations, one can then be given drugs that decrease the pressure on the brain and decrease the chances of one having a seizure.