Strokes are a major concern for preventive medicine nowadays, especially since there are a lot of measures to be taken to prevent a stroke from having irreversible damage. To know what we are talking about, a stroke is a “brain” attack. It happens when the brain doesn’t receive enough blood because its supply has been cut off. This may damage brain cells or even cause some of them to die.

There are two basic types of strokes: ischemic and hemorrhagic. The ischaemic stroke occurs when brain arteries undergo atherosclerosis and a brain artery has been blocked by grassy sediments or clots. When this happens, the blood supply to the brain is reduced, thus causing a stroke. On the other hand, hemorrhagic strokes are caused by a blood vessel, when it brakes open and bleeds inside the brain. It can cause tissue damage and deprive the brain cells of blood and oxygen.    

The symptoms of a stroke include facial and arm weakness and speech problems. When your face is drooping or you feel it numb or someone’s smile is uneven without them realizing, you may be facing a stroke symptom. The same is the case with the arms when they are numb or are lifted unevenly. Finally, speech inability or difficulties in repeating simple sentences may also account for stroke symptoms.

When involved in a situation when somebody is undergoing any of these symptoms, even yourself, it is very important to ask quickly and promptly contact emergency services or 911. With strokes, every second count for the outcome or possible recovery. So, if you see or feel any of these symptoms, don’t hesitate to contact a physician. More than ever, in these cases it is truly better safe than sorry.

As for stroke prevention, it mainly involves activities aimed at reducing risk factor, which basically entails working towards a healthier lifestyle. Typical tips such as quitting smoking, managing blood sugar, and maintaining blood cholesterol and pressure in normal levels are basic but essential. Other suggestions include healthy eating, stress reduction or management, and doing sport or physical activity.