Any individual is at a risk for stroke whether they are a man or a woman, young or old, or teen or child. There are several controllable and uncontrollable stroke risk factors that determine the likeliness of a stroke affecting a person. Researchers state that in the western countries, like the US and Canada, strokes affect women more than men. It is the most common cause of death among women. Some of the factors like diabetes, menopause and genetic background increase the risk of stroke among women. However, any person irrespective of their age or gender is at an equal risk for stroke if they have multiple factors from the one mentioned below.
Some of the common factors that may cause a stroke are mentioned below:
- Diabetes: It is a disease in which the body is unable to create a type of hormone called insulin which aids in the movement of blood sugar towards cells wherein it is utilized to produce energy.
- High blood pressure: It is a major factor that increases the chances of stroke among people.
- Smoking: Smoking can increase the blood pressure and can also deteriorate the blood vessels in the body. Smoking declines the quantity of oxygen supply in our body’s tissues.
- Alcohol and drugs: Alcohol and drugs are dangerous for our health and may lead to stroke.
- Heart Disease: Different types of heart disease, such as heart failure, coronary artery disease, atrial fibrillation, cardiomyopathy, etc. cause the blood to clot; thus leading to strokes.
- Ethnicity and Race: The occurrence of stroke in African American, Asian American, Hispanic, American Indians, and Alaska Native etc. is more as compared to others.
- Family and personal health history: If a person has a family history of stroke or if a person has experienced stroke before, he is more likely to suffer from stroke again.
- Lifestyle and eating habits: Eating unhealthy food, no physical exercise, depression, stress, and use of certain anti-inflammatory drugs which are non-steroid, such as naproxen, ibuprofen, etc. are also some common factors that may lead to stroke.
Although stroke can occur to anybody, the chances of stroke attack increase with age. That means elderly persons are more likely to suffer from a stroke. Also, women have more risk to suffer from a stroke as their life expectancy is more than men.