Artery Disease TreatmentWorthington, OH
Artery disease treatment is a crucial step in preventing heart attacks and other cardiovascular issues. This fact is true, no matter what type of artery disease you have. Any symptoms of artery disease should be assessed by a doctor immediately.
Artery disease treatment is available at The Heart Attack & Stroke Prevention Center of Central Ohio in Worthington and the surrounding area. We can help you at any step of the treatment process, even prevention. Call us today at 614-360-9386 to schedule an appointment or learn more about our services.
Understanding Artery Disease
Artery disease, also known as arterial disease, is a condition affecting the body’s arteries. The arteries are vessels tasked with carrying oxygen-rich blood away from the heart and to the body’s tissues. Since arteries are present in different areas of the body, there are many kinds of artery disease. However, some of the most common diseases are coronary artery disease and peripheral artery disease.
According to Healthline, coronary artery disease occurs when the blood vessels to the heart have become either damaged or diseased. It can develop gradually, possibly going undetected for decades. If left untreated, artery disease may lead to blood clots and heart attacks.
In contrast, peripheral artery disease occurs when the patient’s arteries have narrowed, thus reducing blood flow to the extremities. Typically, this condition is more likely to affect the legs. Untreated peripheral artery disease may lead to a heart attack or stroke.
Causes of Artery Disease
In most cases, coronary artery disease is due to an excess buildup of cholesterol and inflammation of the coronary arteries. This cholesterol and your body’s response to the cholesterol, which is inflammation is what becomes the plaque. Extensive plaque can decrease blood flow to the heart, potentially leading to a complete blockage. Plaque buildup can accumulate throughout one’s lifetime, even beginning at a young age. As a result, the inner walls of the blood vessels become sticky. Inflammatory cells, lipoproteins, and calcium may attach themselves to the plaque, pushing out and narrowing the artery walls.
Peripheral artery disease, on the other hand, is often a symptom of a larger condition known as atherosclerosis, or a general excess of fatty deposits in the arteries. This may reduce blood flow to the heart and brain in addition to the extremities. Alternatively, peripheral artery disease may occur due to inflamed blood vessels, limb injury, unusual anatomy, or radiation exposure. However, these causes are less common.
Symptoms of Artery Disease
Individuals with coronary artery disease have narrowed coronary arteries, making it difficult for them to get enough oxygen-rich blood to the heart. This is especially true when they are doing intensive activities, such as exercise. Symptoms also tend to become more noticeable as plaque continues to build. Common signs of coronary artery disease include chest pain (angina), shortness of breath, and even heart attack.
Symptoms of peripheral artery disease tend to be milder or sometimes totally unnoticeable. For some people, it may be as simple as intermittent muscle pain or cramping, also known as claudication. Claudication can be mild to severe and can occur in any affected muscles. Affected individuals may also experience muscle numbness or weakness, the coldness of the affected extremity, sores that won’t heal, and more.
Diagnosing and Treating Artery Disease
Early detection can help manage symptoms before they get worse. Thus, individuals should contact us as soon as they suspect they are exhibiting signs of artery disease. Screenings for any artery disease will involve a comprehensive review of the patient’s medical history, a physical examination, and any necessary medical testing.
For coronary artery disease, these tests may include cardiac catheterization, echocardiograms, electrocardiograms (EKGs), heart CT scans, and stress tests. However, a CIMT ultrasound exam of carotid arteries can detect arterial disease long before it becomes severe enough to cause any symptoms. Making healthier choices is the first line of defense against coronary artery disease. However, if this proves to be insufficient, patients will have to move onto medications, surgery, or other procedures.
A peripheral artery disease screening may involve angiograms, ankle-brachial indexes, blood tests, and ultrasounds. Treatment methods include lifestyle changes, angioplasty, medications, and surgery. Angioplasty is a procedure in which a cardiologist puts a small “balloon” in the patient’s artery with a catheter. Once it has been inflated, the balloon will clear out the plaque to widen the artery and restore blood flow.
Call Us Today
Artery disease treatment may stop you from developing a heart attack, stroke, or other serious conditions. Our team at The Heart Attack & Stroke Prevention Center of Central Ohio may be able to help. Call us today at 614-360-9386 to schedule an appointment or learn more about our services.
Frequently Asked Questions
What are the risk factors for artery disease?
Individuals with high fat and cholesterol levels are at higher risk for both coronary artery disease and peripheral artery disease. Other common risk factors involve high blood pressure, obesity, smoking, diabetes, age, and inactive lifestyles. Our team will review your unique case to determine your specific risk factors.
What dietary changes can help me reduce my risks for artery disease?
The same diet is not right for everyone. We look at your individual genetics to ensure that we recommend the appropriate diet for you. Changing your diet is one of the easiest ways to reduce your risks of artery disease. A good diet can reduce total and LDL (“bad”) cholesterol and lower blood pressure and blood sugar. This works best when paired with regular exercise.
Is artery disease more common in men or women?
Artery disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women in the United States. However, younger men are at a greater risk of artery disease than younger women. The average age of an initial heart attack for women is 72. In contrast, the average age of an initial heart attack for men is 65.
What is the difference between a clogged artery and a clogged brain artery?
A clogged coronary artery will stop blood from flowing to the heart, causing a heart attack. In contrast, a clogged brain artery will keep blood from flowing to the brain, causing an ischemic stroke. A hemorrhagic stroke is what occurs when a blood vessel to the brain breaks open and bleeds.
How can aspirin help with coronary artery disease?
Aspirin is a blood thinner, meaning it can help prevent blood clots. For people with coronary artery disease, blood thinners may help prevent the obstruction of the coronary arteries. This can help prevent future heart attacks.
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